Listeria disease is a bacterial foodborne infection that can lead to severe effects among impaired immune system people and pregnant women and people with impaired immune systems. This Listeriosis infection mainly occurs because of consuming unpasteurized milk products or by eating improperly processed deli meats. People with good immunity power rarely become victims of this infection. However, this deli meat bacteria can be very dangerous to new-borns and babies, and it can even cause death. People with less immunity power towards infections are also at higher risk of life-threatening complications by this infection. Timely antibiotic treatment can help to lower the effects of listeria infection.
Listeria bacteria can survive freezing and even refrigeration. So, it is recommended for the people who are at higher risk of this serious infections to avoid eating the types of food that consist listeria bacteria.read more about Sign And Side effects of Listeriosis
Symptoms of Listeria infection
If you get infected with a listeria infection, then you may experience symptoms like diarrhoea, nausea, muscle aches, severe fever, and vomitings. These early symptoms of listeria generally begin one month after you have consumed the contaminated food. It could take nearly as long as one month or even more, before the first symptom or sign of listeria infection begin.
If this listeria disease reaches your nervous system, then symptoms and signs of this infection may include convulsions, loss of balance, changes in alertness, confusion, frustration, stiff neck, and headache.
Listeria infection symptoms in new-borns and pregnant women
During the pregnancy period, this listeria infection mostly causes only mild symptoms and signs in the pregnant women. However, consequences for the baby could be devastating. This infection is very fatal to the baby and it can cause the even unexpected death of a baby before birth or can let the baby to suffer from life-threatening infection within the first few days after birth.
Just like in adult people, the listeria infection symptoms and signs in a new-born can be indefinite but may include: vomitings, severe fever, irritability and little interest in feeding.
How is listeria bacteria caused?
Listeria bacteria can be found in animal feces, water and soil. However, humans are mostly infected by this infection by consuming:
Contaminated animal meat
Foods prepared with unpasteurized milk
Vegetables that have been contaminated from the soil
Certain processed foods — such as hot dogs, deli meats and soft cheeses that have been contaminated after processing
New-born or unborn babies can get subjected to this listeria infection from the mother via the placenta.
When to consult a doctor?
If you have taken food that’s been recalled because of a listeria bacteria outbreak, then take care and pay attention to any possible symptoms of infection. If you feel muscle ache or if you suffer from fever or diarrhoea or any other above-mentioned signs and symptoms, immediately contact a doctor.
Even if you feel ill, after eating a potentially contaminated product, such as foods made with unpasteurized milk or deli meats, you need to consult a doctor immediately. If you experience a severe headache, sensitivity to light, confusion mind and high fever, then seek immediate care as these symptoms may indicate a life-threatening complication of a listeria infection.
Prevention of listeria infection
Follow these simple food safety guidelines, to be away from the listeria infection:
Clean raw vegetables by using a vegetable brush and water, before you eat them
Wash your hands thoroughly with dettol or soap before eating and also before preparing your food
Wash your utensils with earn and soapy water after you finish your cooking
Make sure your meat and poultry dishes are cooked at a safe temperature.